The Hwa Rang Do Meng Sae is the most important part of Hwa Rang Do. At the beginning of the art's traditions 1800 years ago, the sons of the noble class were recruited to become Hwarang warriors. Today, some martial arts have lost integrity and honor, but our founder, Supreme Grandmaster Dr. Joo Bang Lee, emphasizes becoming a true martial artist. Becoming a true martial artist means developing good character.
In his Millenium Message, Dr. Joo Bang Lee said, "Martial art training is not focused on just winning fights, but is focused on building a good character through the vehicle of combat skills." Honor and integrity of character are emphasized through the five rules and nine virtues of the Meng Sae.
The Hwa Rang Do logo is a symbol called the Um-Yang. The symbol is a representation of the two forces of nature that are constantly counteracting, and it is the same principle as the Yin-Yang in Chinese philosophy. For every force in the world there is another that balances it out, and without this harmony, the world would be filled with chaos.
The principle of Um-Yang is important to our training in Hwa Rang Do and Tae Soo Do. We study both hard and soft techniques, practice both linear and circular movements, and we push and pull. Um-Yang also has importance as martial artists in our daily lives. It is important to recognize that there is both good and bad in the world, strong and weak, large and small. It is through understanding of the principle of Um-Yang that we can begin to create a larger understanding of our nature as a whole.
Um is broken down into three elements:
The three elements of Yang are opposing elements to Um:
Hwa Rang Do's training program, in keeping with Do Joo Nim's warrior philosophy, is divided into two areas of study. Our martial training, which is called Mu Sul, and our healing training, which is called In Sul.
Our martial training is divided into four categories of martial skills. They are:
Nae Gong: The study of internal power and a method for developing awareness of your energy body through active meditation practices.
Wae Gong: The externalization of Nae Gong and is expressed through our martial programs. This includes our techniques, hard and soft movements, striking, throws and takedowns, ground fighting, joint manipulations, falling methods, and our non-weapon application programs.
Mugi Gong: The extension of Wae Gong that includes the use of weapons and involves training in techniques with weapons as an extension of your body.
Shin Gong: The division of training that focuses on developing the human mind and cultivating our awareness, concentration, and moral aptitude. Shin Gong also includes training in bone setting, acupuncture, concealment, Asian philosophy, and much more.
Through the study of both the martial and healing skills the Hwa Rang Do® practitioner will have an incredible understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the human body. This will not only help in a self-defense situation, but will also help the practitioner to understand and appreciate the fragility of human life. Our healing practices are divided into 6 categories:
This type of understanding is crucial because it will help lead the practitioner to the further development of their sense of self.
It is important to be mindful of how we learn as a student. Hwa Rang Do establishes seven principles of training to help guide students to being the best student they can. They are: